Ministry of Environment (GMoE) is a main state body of executive power being
responsible for regulating stable use of natural resources and environment protection.
The Ministry co-ordinates international relations and co-operation and activate
of state, scientific and public organisations in this sphere. To provide stable
use of natural resources the Ministry is authorised to specify the quotas for
use of natural resources, to grant licences on the basis the decision adopted
by the expert-licence council. The Ministry should provide formation of information
database in natural resources use sphere and functioning of information systems;
organisation of natural resources state cadastre; agreement of forestry organisation
and development plans; to compile of "Red Book" and "Red List" of Georgia; to
organise environment monitoring system. The Ministry conducts state control
in the environment and natural resources protection sphere.
Department of Biodiversity Protection
It is a structural subdivision of the Ministry, directly responsible for the implementation of biodiversity protection state policy; State management organisation for stable use of natural resources; observance of international obligations in biodiversity protection.
Department for Environment Protection Permission and State Ecological Expertise
It is responsible for organising environment protection permissions (of devaluating influence on the environment)and state ecological expertise process; normative methodological expertise.
Institute of Environment Protection
It conducts activities in directions of biodiversity protection: reproduction of raise and extinct fish species and scientific research of conservation biology problems.
Institute of Sea Ecology and Fishing Farms
It is an organisation subject to the Ministry. Its major task being organisation of scientific research works in water biodiversity condition sphere.
Environment Monitoring Centre
It is in the system of the Ministry, its main task being organisation of state system of environment monitoring and providing its development. At the regional level the control is being conducted by the Ministry territorial bodies: the Ministries of Environment and Natural Resources Protection of Achara and Abkhazia Autonomous Republics (of double subjection) and 12 regional services.
Forestry State Department of Georgia
The main Georgian organisation in forestry is the State Forestry Department (SFD) that is responsible for formulating policies/strategies as well as managing the forest estate. Its Chairman reports directly to the President of Georgia and holds a ministerial rank. The SFD is composed of a central office in Tbilisi, 54 district offices, three parks and three nurseries (there are also 12 district offices in the two autonomous regions of Abkhasian and Acharian. In principle, these offices report directly to the Chairman). The total staff is composed of 3,300 people - of whom 50 at the central level. There are also nine "enterprises" with full managerial autonomy but depending on the SFD for their financing. These enterprises employ 327 people including 201 professionals. The most important is Lesoproject, which is in charge of carrying out forest inventories and management plans (Lesoproject used to be an authority in forest management planning under the Soviet system. Until recently, it still carried out work contracts for other ex-soviet states). The total (received) budget of the SFD, including the enterprises, was Lari 2.8 million (US$ 2.2 million) for 1998 - of which three-quarters directly provided by the Ministry of Finance. The other main source of income consisted of revenues from the sales by the district offices of wood and non-wood products (e.g. logs, fuel wood, fruits and berries).
There are two research institutes, the Mountain Forestry Research Institute (MFRI) and the Institute of Plant Protection, both under the jurisdiction of the Georgian Academy of Sciences. The first institute is directly involved in forestry research - e.g. forest functions, pest control and soil protection - whereas the second institute mainly deals with agriculture but is also involved in pest control as it relates to forestry. In the field of education, the Georgian State Agrarian University produces 25-30 graduates each year, mainly in forest management and wood processing. There are also two technical colleges (Borjomi and Kutaisi) producing technicians, mainly in wood processing.
Another organisation indirectly involved in forestry is MEPNR that has overall responsibility for the management of natural resources from an environmental viewpoint. An important matter is that the MEPNR issues the licences for forestry exploitation rather than the SFD. This reflects the importance that the Government rightly attaches to the environment but the decisions concerning when/where to carry out logging could perhaps be better taken by the main institution in charge of managing the forests. There is finally the State Department for Protected Areas, Reserves and Hunting (SDPA), that has working relations with the SFD insofar as hunting is taking place in the forests.
State Department of Protected Territories, Reserves and Hunting
It is a governmental organisation of executive power accountable directly before the President of Georgia. The source of department financing is a state budget. The Department manages protected territories of Georgia, controls observance of relevant regime in protected territories, conducts measures for planing, maintenance, protection and restoration of protected territories, organises monitoring and scientific research works, determines cadastre of protected territories. The Department co-ordinates the activities of local and international organisations concerning the issues of protected territories. It consists of central staff to which there are subject 14 reserves, 5 managed nature reserves, managerial boards of Borjomi-Kharagauli national park; also the regional supervision services of the protected territories in Achara and Abkhazia.
Chief Service of Ecological Police
It was founded in 1991, on the basin of fish protection service "Sakshavzghvatevzmsheni" being of union subject in the Georgian Interior Ministry structure. Its activities are being conducted through "the regulations of Georgian Interior Ministry ecological police service" (approved by Georgian Interior Ministry decree of March 4, 1998). The main task of ecological police is to protect Georgia's environment and natural resources from criminal violations. In direction of bio-resources protection the main functions of the ecological police are as follows: light against illegal fishing and hunting, illegal extraction of forests and green cover.
© UNEP/GRID-Tbilisi, 2000
1, M. Alexidze St. Tbilisi, 380093, GEORGIA
Phone/Fax: (995-32) 942808
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Last Updated: 24/02/2000