The National Biodiversity Strategy
|Biological diversity means the variability among living
organisms from all sources, including, inter alia, terrestrial, marine
and other aquatic ecosystems and the ecological complexes of which they
are part; this includes diversity within species, between species and of
Article 2 of the Convention on Biological Diversity
The Slovak Republic signed
the Convention on Biological Diversity (Rio de Janeiro, 1992) on 19th
May 1993 and has become a Party to the Convention on 23rd November
1994. The National Biodiversity Strategy
the Slovak Republic was approved by the Government
of the SR on April 1st 1997 and by the National Council
of the SR on July 2nd 1997.
This is followed by the first Action Plan for 1998 - 2010.
Guiding principles for the implementation of the National Biodiversity Strategy in Slovakia:
With reference to the Convention on Biological Diversity, the following
guiding principles have to be observed in implementing the National Biodiversity
Strategy of Slovakia:
|all biodiversity must be conserved - preferably in-sifu|
|induced loss of biodiversity must be compensated to the highest possible extent|
|diversified landscape must be maintained in order to sustain the variety of life forms at all levels|
|biological resources must be used in a sustainable way|
|everyone must share the responsibility for cónservation and sustainable use of biodiversity|
Overview of biodiversity in Slovakia
Strategic goals for the implementation of the Convention on Biological Diversity in the SR:
The strategic pyramid
below shows an understanding of different actions to be taken in response
to the Convention's objective.
As with any other pyramid, it can only be functional and solid if all parts are present and interacting:
Understanding, cooperation and joint efforfs to maintain the biodiversity of the Earth are needed among nations if conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity are to
be effective. There is no exemption from this responsibility since it involves a solution of our common future without making any distinctions.
Various general measures must be introduced in order to promote conservation, to manage threatening processes and to regulate the use of biological
resources. The conservatíon of biodiversity, in-situ in parficular stems from the philosophy that only a minor part of the Earfh's biodiversity can be conserved without
management. The major parf is influenced by the different needs of human society. To prevent biodiversily , a certain limitation on use is necessary and indirect
human interterence must be restricted.
Sustainable use of biodiversify is the use and consumption that do not lower it's renewable potential. Therefor, the productivify of the biological resource is
retained indefinitely. Sustainable use may involve ecological, economic, social and olitical factors.
Conservotion of biodiversity is the management of human use of the biosphere so that it may yield the greatest sustainable benefit to present generations while maintaining its potential to meet the needs and aspirations of future generations. Thus conservation is positive and embraces preservation, maintenance, sustainable utilisation, restoration and enhancement of the natural environment.
National Secretariat of the Convention on Biological Diversity
launched at the Ministry of the Environment of the SR on September 1994.
The Slovak Committee of the Convention on Biological Diversity launched
as a consulting body to the Ministry of the Environment of the SR on November
Factors affecting biological diversity: