Territorial System of Ecological
A territorial system of
ecological stability is an integrated structure interconnected to other
ecosystems, their components and elements, which ensure a diversity of
life conditions and forms in the landscape. The foundation of this system
is represented by biocentres, biocorridors, and interactive elements of
national, regional or local (district) importance.
§ 3, letter a/, of Act of the NR SR No. 287/1994 Col. on Nature
and Landscape Protection.
The General Plan of the Supraregional
Territorial System of Ecological Stability in the SR (GNÚSES) was approved
by the Government of the SR on 27th April 1992 as a document
determined for the strategy for the protection of the diversity of life
conditions and forms in the landscape (biological and landscape diversity)
– at a scale of 1:200 000. Besides biocentres, biocorridors, and interactive
elements, it also comprises ecologically important areas (units and degraded
areas). Its basis is the NECONET.
Planning (LANDEP) was developed by the Slovak Academy of Sciences as
a complex system of applied scientific activities focused on the elaboration
of a proposal for ecologically optimal structure of the landuse its management.
On the basis of the SR proposal, LANDEP was introduced in Chapter 10 of
Agenda 21 as a recommended method.
Regional territorial system of ecological stability projects (RÚSES):
between 1993 and 1995 projects were prepared for all 38 regions, at a scale
of 1:50 000.
Local territorial system of ecological stability projects (MÚSES):
prepared at a scale of 1:25 000 or 1:10,000 at a municipal level as a component
of the land-use planning documentation.
Biocentres: approx. 2,595 sq. km (5.3% of the SR area):
-of biospherical importance - 1 (approx. 13.5 sq. km)
-of provincial importance - 9 (approx. 608 sq. km)
-of supraregional importance - 77 (approx. 1,973 sq. km)
Biocorridors (ecological corridors) of supraregional importance: 2
National Ecological Network of Slovakia Proposal (NECONET) updated
in co-operation with IUCN in 1996 as a part of the European Ecological
Network (EECONET) and GNÚSES. It comprises 35 ecological network core areas
of European importance and 35 ecological network core areas of national
List of Core Areas of European and National Importance
(NECONET and GNÚSES)