Protection of the endangered and rare species of animals in the key regions has an invaluable significance for preservation of the genetic diversity of the animal world of Central Asia. One of such key regions is Turkmenistan which fauna includes a great number of endemic, relic forms with limited geographic ranges. Among the vertebrates, 101 species should be protected (mammals, 27; birds, 35; reptiles, 30; amphibians, one; and fish, 8). All these species are placed in the Red Data Book of Turkmenistan. One of each seven vertebrate species is included in the Red Data Book, and this fact urges to take special measures for their protection. For various reasons, our generation witnessed serious losses in the genetic diversity of the Turkmenistan fauna. Thus, Turanian tiger (Panthera tigris virgata), cheetah (Acinonyx jubatus), woodpecker (Picus squamatus) have been lost. These losses have demonstrated vividly the fatality of any delay in nature conservation.

Eagle nesting
Eagle nesting

It should be noted, since 1994 in Turkmenistan all items of fur reception were closed, that stabilizes number of fur animals. In 1994-1996 there was no reception of gunpowder, hunting patrons in hunting shops, that has affected growth both number of the hunting animals and birds. Number of Murgab pheasant has increased specially, which habitation continues to be extended from the south-east of the country to the west.

Heathland cat
Heathland cat
1 Kh. Atamuradov
Biodiversity, Genetic Diversity and Protected Areas in Turkmenistan.
Magazine of Sustainable Forestry.Yale University. USA.1999.
2 National Report on State of Natural Environment in Turkmenistan.
Ashgabat, 1999.

The Ministry of Nature Protection of Turkmenistan