What is causing the problems?
generation is inevitably related to economic and social development.
In this respect a considerable increase in waste generation is
foreseen as a result of the expected economic growth, per capita
income increase, and consumption growth in Bulgaria.
main problems related to the collection, processing and disposal of
waste can be summarised as follows:
lack of technical equipment and installations for processing and/or
disposal of a significant portion of hazardous waste generated in the
country is one of the reasons for unauthorised discharge of waste and
uncontrolled waste disposal in inappropriate facilities.
Existing disposal facilities and installations such as landfills and
incinerators in many cases do not meet the legal requirements and the
modern technical standards.
construction of capacities adequate to the quantities and types of
generated waste requires significant investments in processing and
disposal infrastructure which should be provided in a relatively short
period of time.
NIMBY (not in my back yard) syndrome impedes the construction of new
facilities and installations for disposal.
higher cost of disposal will also lead to a significant rise in the fees
paid by households. The transition to regional facilities for disposal
of municipal waste requires increased transportation expenses and
investments for the purchase of new waste collecting equipment.
Bringing the existing landfills into compliance and constructing new
ones according to the requirements of Directive 99/31/EC on landfill of
waste, as well as cleaning up illegal dumpsites require mobilisation of
significant financial resources.
private investment devoted to waste disposal is still limited.
Landfilling of wastes is still the most common method for waste disposal
in the country. According to the existing practice municipal,
industrial, construction, agricultural, and in some cases hazardous
wastes are all disposed in municipal landfills.
the observed improvement in the quality of the submitted information,
the reported municipal waste quantities still exceed expert assessments.
The reasons for submitting inaccurate information are related to the
methods used for assessment of the quantities of collected waste, based
on transport documentation, the insufficient control on by local
authorities over the companies performing waste collection and disposal
activities, and the lack of weighbridges to weigh the waste going to
landfills (only 14 landfills in the country are equipped with