Ethnic conflicts in the Caucasus have had a regional impact on Biodiversity for all countries in the area. For Georgia it has meant that sheep migration routes can no longer pass through traditional paths to Daghestan and back, and higher concentrations of domestic livestock in mountain areas have increased erosion radically over the last two years. Wildlife such as Caucasian mountain goat, red and roe deer, bear and wild boar, flee conflicts in the Northern Caucasus regions (notably Chechenia) and from the South in Azerbaidjan, then fall victims to increased poaching within Georgia. More stringent legislation is under consideration, while the bounty system on all predators was abolished in the early 90s.
New legislation began to be studied and adopted by the Georgian Parliament in early 1996, including privatization and land tenure legislation. Also under consideration are important revisions of the former Soviet-based legislation on the protection of natural resources and the environment, and the creation of species protection laws based on international (IUCN) categories. Thus 1996 was a turning point in the protection of Biodiversity in Georgia. From its inheritance of a Soviet-style agriculture based on mono-crops such as wine-growing, tea and fruits, with weak laws protecting animals and their natural environment, Georgia began to move towards the establishment of more rigorous laws against poaching and illegal trade in endangered or threatened species, as well as towards the establishment of protected areas, and policy for forestry and agriculture.