Water and wind erosion processes in Georgia is intensive. That is a reasons for the country's arable territories (9%) which are distributed on the slopes with an angle of more than 10 degrees (19% in Western Georgia and 5% in the East of the country).
More then 10 million ha of agricultural lands are subject to erosion, including 370 thousand ha arable and 550 thousand hays and grazing lands. For the last 7 years total area of arables decreased at least by 11 thousand ha. 10 thousand ha landslide and 1000 ha mud flow-prone basins were registered (major causes of landslides are believed to be the incorrect exploitation of agricultural and forest covers).
Approximately 205 thousand ha are subject to water erosion. Wind erosion processes are mainly happening in Eastern Georgia -- 105.5 thousand ha of arables (1988). the abrasion is also intensive (155 km in the year 1961, 201 km in 1990).
Data of 1990 suggests that total eroded hay areas constitute 50.2 thousand ha and eroded grazing land area -- 496.2 thousand ha.
Total agricultural territories are the subject to other types of soil erosion , which constitute 785.8 thousand ha in Eastern Georgia and 328.3 thousand ha in Western Georgia.