Infant Mortality is
the best health indicator of country. It tells about deaths of children
younger than 1 year, per 1000 born alive in one year. There is no
registration of mortality at the moment, before the war, in 1996, Infant
Mortality for Kosovo was 18.9. Infant Mortality for the same period, for
other European countries was as follows: Bosnia – Herzegovina, 18.4; the
Russian Federation, 17.5; Bulgaria, 16.3; Hungary, 10.7; Croatia, 9;
Greece, 8.2; Czech Republic, 6.1; Slovenia, 4.8. Only Romania was worse
than Kosovo, having an IM of 22.3.
cause 63% of all childhood deaths and 48% of premature deaths. The
incidence of many infectious diseases is still high in Kosovo (see fig.
1). The situation between the years 2000 and 2001 does not seem to have
changed too much. The most frequent diseases in all the municipalities
were Upper and Lower Respiratory Tract Infections (674.9 cases/100 000),
Diarrhea (645.8 cases/100 000) and Intestinal Parasitic Infections
(104.2/100 000), and Scabies (206.2/100 000). These are all related to
environmental factors. The best example is Obiliq/Obilic. This
municipality reported the highest incidence of Lower Respiratory Tract
Infections (449.60 ases/100 000/week), Acute Diarrhea (255.12 cases/100
000/week), and Intestinal Parasitic Infections and Scabies (51.82
cases/100 000/week). The first one is likely to be related to the air
pollution produced by the power plant. The second and the third categories
strongly suggest problems related to drinking water and sanitation. The
fourth category indicated poor personal hygiene and living conditions.
also affect health. Workers of Obiliq/Obilic present the highest umber of
cases of Respiratory Diseases. Workers attended in Djakova/Djakovica
Institute of Occupational Health during the last10 years had had
occupational diseases and work – related to the textile industry,
With respect to
traffic safety, there is still a high number of injury traffic accidents
and fatalities in Kosovo involving youths. In big cities like Prishtina/Pristina,
with heavy traffic, fatalities are more common. Traffic safety is clearly
being compromised and injuries and deaths are occurring that could be
avoided. There is an urgent need to develop a road accident reduction
strategy, including educating the population of Kosovo, especially youths,
on road safety.
It is not necessary
but extremely important, to improve and keep control on environmental
factors in all the municipalities, in order to reduce their negative
impact on human health.
There is an urgent
need to establish a registration of Non - Communicable diseases, as well
as Occupational Health diseases all over Kosovo.
Molano, Health and Environment 2002, UNMIK, Prishtina/Pristina