UNMIK

PROVISIONAL INSTITUTIONS OF SELF-GOVERNMENT INSTITUCIONET E PĖRKOHSHMVE VETQEVERISĖSE PRIVREMENE INSTITUCIJE SAMOUPRAVLJANJA
Ministry of Environment and Spatial Planning Ministria e Ambientit dhe Planifikimit Hapėsinor Ministarstvo Sredine i Prostornog Planiranja

        

9.

Energy
   

9.1.

Energy Situation
   

The production of electricity in Kosovo is a monopoly of the “Kosovo Energy Company” (KEK). The main electric energy sources in Kosovo are the coal fired power stations Kosovo A (5 units) and Kosovo B (2 units) and a 2 small hydroelectric station in the Zubin Potok municipality and the Decan Municipality.

Power plant Kosovo A was built in early 1960s while Kosovo B was built early 1980s and are situated a few kilometers from Prishtina/Pristina

The production capacities of the plants are as follows

   

Table9: KEK production capability

Units

Production Capacity (MW)

Remarks

Kosovo A1

30

 

Kosovo A2

100

Out of service since November 2002

Kosovo A3

100

 

Kosovo A5

100

 

Kosovo B1

250

Damaged by lightning strike July 2002- return online early 2003

Kosovo B2

250

Damaged by lightning strike July 2002- expected to return to service July 2003

Gazivoda (2 units)

35

 

Source: KEK energy report- March 2003

   

The production capacity of the power plants has been hampered by chronic technical. problems (including a lightning strike to PP B in July 2002). Kosovo has been importing some electricity in order to make up some for its deficit. Despite the imports for much of the 1999-2002 period Kosovo, has been under a regime of load sharing, meaning that electricity was not guarantied 24 hours a day.

   

16: Electricity production and Imports

Source: KEK

   

Based on an estimated population of 2 million, the per capita consumption is 1,660 MWh per person per year. It should be noted that the lack of reliable electrical supply has prompted many to rely on generators has an alternative source of electricity. This production and consumption due to generators are not accounted here.

Other significant source of energy in Kosovo comes from district heating and some of the major towns such as: Prishtina/Pristina and Djakova/Djakovica.

It is also significant to note that a significant amount of the population relies on wood and coal stoves for heating and cooking purposes.

   

9.2.

Pollution from the Energy Sector
   

The energy sector relies heavily of the coal/lignite plants and is a major contributor of the over all pollution strain in Kosovo. The power plants consume coal from 2 open pit mines next to the power plant. In 2002 a total amount of coal used is shown below along with the estimated of CO2 released;

 

10 Coal extraction in 2002 and Co2 released (estimations)

 

Burnt coal on tons

CO2 released in  tons (estimation)

Thermo power plant etc.

5.542.269

4.467.069

Privaste users

47.724

38.466

TOTAL

5.589.993

4.505.535

   

The published 2001 immission results from INKOS (an institute within KEK) are shown below. (No independent data is yet available)

   

11: Average values of air; measured location: “INKOS” – industrial zone of KEK

Polluter

Unit

Jan.

Feb.

Mar.

April.

May.

June

July

August.

Sep.

Oct.

Nov.

Dec.

SO2

 

Smut

 

Air particles

 

Sediments

µg/m3

 

µg/m3

 

µg/m3

 

mg/(m2 d)

22,43

 

 

 

 

 

1137

19,0

 

11,43

 

 

 

1140

18,04

 

7,23

 

 

 

1722

17

 

10,11

 

 

 

3039

16,7

 

10,5

 

 

 

312

13,32

 

10,13

 

90

 

655

25,9

 

7,27

 

113,5

 

559

13,14

 

12,25

 

72,6

 

1096

23

 

8,3

 

98,28

 

1161

12

 

15

 

124,6

 

534,6

19

 

19,1

 

79,3

 

811

20

 

29,12

 

122,3

 

1457

 

   

12 Immission form Power plant

 

Source: Kosovo Energetic Corporation INKOS

 
   

 The major pollutants from the power stations are CO2, SO2, NOX, O3, air particles, and sediments.

The data produced by INKOS show concentration of SO2, fly ash (smut) and air particles twice WHO norms, whereas the suspended particles are more than 30 times beyond the WHO norms.

   

Source: Kosovo Energetic Corporation INKOS

   

9.3.

Energetic Resources
   

13: Coal mine (lignite) reserves

Source

 

Reserves

(milliard  tones)

Foreseen

use

(t/year)

Quality of lignit – middle

Low level of heating

(MJ/kg)

Humidity

(%)

 

Ash

(%)

Sulphur

(% total)

(% combined)

Coal dams of Kosovo, Drenica, Dukagjin and Anamorava (Kriva Rekės)

14.3

 

6.28 – 9.21

38.0 – 48.0

9,84 – 21.32

0.64 – 1.51

Surface dig

 Bardh

 

8.200.000

7.86

47.7

14.1

0.98

0.34

Surface dig

 Mirash

 

8.600.000

7.88

45.8

16.9

0.97

0.34

   

14: Other potential energy sources

Source

Type

Reserves

U (%)

Gjilan (Stublovaqė)

Rich trahites with uranium

c. 20 tones uranium

0,0263

Kllokot, Nasalje, Poklek etc.

Mineral water

 

 

Banjė e Pejės, Kllokot, Banjskė etc.

Thermal water