UNMIK

PROVISIONAL INSTITUTIONS OF SELF-GOVERNMENT INSTITUCIONET E PĖRKOHSHMVE VETQEVERISĖSE PRIVREMENE INSTITUCIJE SAMOUPRAVLJANJA
Ministry of Environment and Spatial Planning Ministria e Ambientit dhe Planifikimit Hapėsinor Ministarstvo Sredine i Prostornog Planiranja

        

1.

Introduction
 

The legislative basis for Kosovo lies in United Nations Security Council Resolution 1244 of 1999 and the subsequent constitutional framework for self-government (UNMIK/REG/2001/19). The body of applicable laws in Kosovo can be divided into three parts. First, are the regulations issued by the Special Representative of the Secretary-General. Second, are the laws passed by the Kosovo Assembly and promulgated by the Special Representative under the transferred powers.

Finally, based on UNMIK/REG/1999/24, there are the laws applicable in the territory of Kosovo prior to 22 March 1989.

 
 
 

The historical lack of an environmental protection regime coupled with the 1999 armed conflict have resulted a generally poor state of the environment in Kosovo. This is also the result of a record of uncontrolled developments in both the industrial and urban sector.

Industrial pollution is concentrated in large antiquated industrial area such as the coal powered thermoelectric facilities near Prishtina/Pristina as well as the large mining industrial complex in Mitrovica area. Urban area also suffers from poor infrastructure and poor municipal services.

Kosovo is also home to large and valuable protected areas, which are under strain from a growing population and poverty.