UNMIK

PROVISIONAL INSTITUTIONS OF SELF-GOVERNMENT INSTITUCIONET E PĖRKOHSHMVE VETQEVERISĖSE PRIVREMENE INSTITUCIJE SAMOUPRAVLJANJA
Ministry of Environment and Spatial Planning Ministria e Ambientit dhe Planifikimit Hapėsinor Ministarstvo Sredine i Prostornog Planiranja

        

11.

Transport
   

11.1.

Overview
   

Most of the transportation in Kosovo relies on roads. The road network is overall reasonable (particularly after the rehabilitation after the 1999 conflict) except in urban areas where major congestions are a daily remainder of the considerable rise in the number of vehicle since 1999.

The railways system is working but with a limited scope, mainly in the transportation of mechanizes. Some passenger transport is still active.

Kosovo has an international airport, which has been operated since 2000. No data exist as per the environmental consequences of the airport on the environment.

   

11.2.

Road Transport
   

Following the 1999 conflict, the number of vehicles in circulation in Kosovo has drastically increased. The transport infrastructure also underwent major improvement following the conflict thanks to foreign donation; all/most NATO destroyed bridges have been repaired, main road repaved.

The total amount of register vehicle in Kosovo is approximately 215,000 (source: Statistic Office of Kosovo) , but this number does not include vehicles of International organizations as well as unregistered vehicles, which is considered 15-25%. It can be estimated that the number of vehicle rose from 100,00 before the war to 300,000 in 2003.

   

Figure 20: Type of registered vehicle in Kosovo (2002)

Source: Ministry of Transport and Telecommunication

   

Figure21: Vehicle distribution per regions in Kosovo

   

Though no precise data exists, most of the vehicles in Kosovo can be considered to be old. The estimation pollution load from traffic is calculated

   

Figure22: estimation of pollution load for road traffic

Type

Carburant

Oldness

No. of vehicles

Km/year

Emissions factors g/km

Emissions tone/year

Dust

SO2

NOx

CO

Hydrocarb.

Dust

SO2

NOx

CO

Hydrocarb.

Vehicle

Gasoline

Up to 90

100683

16.000

0.1

0.2

2

32,88

2.1

161,092

322,18

3221,85

5296.3

338.29

Vehicle

Diesel

Up to  90

  77000

16.000

1

2

1

32,82

-

1232

2464

1232

40409

-

Truck Bus

Van

 

 

Diesel

 

 

Up to  90

 

 

  37821

 

 

16.000

 

 

1.5

 

 

3

 

 

3

 

 

-

 

 

-

 

 

907

 

 

1815

 

 

1815

 

 

-

 

 

-

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

total

2300,92

4601,1

45705,3

 

 

 

(The lack the emission measures of the vehicles in Kosovo, the value was calculated theoretically based on the formula: no. of vehicles X passed km. X emission factor = emission product).

The Ministry of Environment and Spatial Planning has identified some 572 pumps stations in Kosovo during a survey made in 2002/2003 or around 1 pump station for 500 cars

Thee Customs authorities have reported that in 2002, the amount of fuel imported in Kosovo is as follows:

Diesel – 29.663.234 l

Petrol  – 24.550.368 l

* Expenditures per person during 2002:

Diesel – 14.831 l

Petrol  – 12.227 l

* Due to the lack of exact data, the number of inhabitants is calculated approximately 2 million.