ENVIRONMENTAL INFORMATION SYSTEMS IN THE KYRGYZ REPUBLIC
Draft Assessment Report
[ Introduction | Background | Status of EIS | Assessment of Needs | Proposed Action | Annex 1 | Annex 2 ]
Agenda 21, Chapter 40 on information for decision-making specifies the necessity of improving information management in order to make information on the environment more accessible. The task of UNEP/ DEIA is to make information and data more accessible to the world community, to increase governments' capacities for using the information on environment, so as to enable them to make well-grounded plans and decisions that would ensure sustainable development.
Meeting these demands UNEP/ DEIA renders assistance to developing countries and countries with economies in transition aimed at broadening their potentialities in environmental data and information management. As a result of this work, the global information network on the environment is to be created.
The programme is to be carried out in four stages (Assessment-Feasibility-Implementation-Operation), the guidelines for which have been worked out. At the assessment stage a general overview of the country's environmental information situation is presented.
[ Introduction | Background | Status of EIS | Assessment of Needs | Proposed Action | Annex 1 | Annex 2 ]
2.1. Country profile
The Kyrgyz Republic, an independent and sovereign state since August 1991, is at present undergoing social, political and economic reforms aimed at turning the soviet socialist system of the past into a democratic one with market-oriented economy.
The territory of the Kyrgyz Republic is mountainous. The country occupies an area of 198,500 km2, the population is 4.4 million. Administratively the Kyrgyz Republic is divided into six oblasts (regions). The capital of the country is Bishkek.
About 94% of the territory lies at the altitude of over 1,000 m above sea level, of which 30% -- at the altitude of over 3,000 m above sea level and is covered with big glaciers and permanent snow; the average altitude reaches up to 2,750 m above sea level. The top of Pik Pobedy, the highest mountain in the country, lies 7,439 m above sea level.
The climate is of the continental type, with cold winters and hot summers; considerable local variability is due to the differences in altitude.
The country lies in a seismic region where earthquakes and mud-streams are frequent occurrences.
The region is rich in minerals; non-ferrous and complex ores deposits are found in the northern part of Tyan Shan, there are also significant deposits of molybdenum, iron-ore, tin, mercury, stibium, and gold.
Natural resources are of vital importance for the economic development of the country, especially for agriculture, mining, and power generation. With the annual national income of US$ 830 per capita, the Kyrgyz Republic is among the least industrially developed in the former Soviet Union. Industry (with mining) produces about 30% of the GDP. Agriculture adds 40%, while the remaining 30% are the share of the state sector, including government institutions, public health system, science and education.
The country is populated by people of 80 nationalities. Kyrgyzs constitute 53% of the population. Other important, in terms of their number, groups include Russians, Uzbeks, Ukrainians and Tatars. The mountainous character of the country accounts for the extremely uneven territorial distribution of the population. The density of the population reaches its maximum of 90 inhabitants per km2 in agricultural valleys lying between mountain ranges, while high up in the mountains it goes down to 2-3. Approximately 64% of the population is rural.
The Kyrgyz Republic is a country with an ancient culture and a history dating back to the great nomadic tribes of Central Asia whose traces can still be seen in the form of fortresses, caravansaries of belligerent tribe groups, and ancient trade routes. The town of Tokmak had once been one of the strategically most prominent settlements along the Silk Road; and the town of Osh, lying in the heart of the Fergana valley, is among the most ancient commercial centres of Central Asia; in medieval times it served as a regional centre of Islam.
The earliest surviving written record of Kyrgyzs as a nation occurs in Chinese manuscripts dating back at least to the 3d century BC.
The Kyrgyz language belongs to the Turkic group of languages.
Kyrgyzs have rich resources which they can share with all the world. It is this new period in their history that is beginning right now.
The Kyrgyz folk trades and handicrafts still remain strong.
2.2 . Environmental problems and environmental management network
In 1994 approximately 190,000 tons of pollutants were emitted into the air in the Kyrgyz Republic. The main sources of air pollution included power plants, motor transport, agriculture and enterprises producing construction materials. Previous assessments of air pollution showed that the concentration of major polluting substances in the air in urban areas was 1.5-5.5 times higher than the air quality standards. The total discharges of waste waters into water bodies and onto the land surface in the Republic amounted to 1,550 million m3. The figures for 1995 are approximately the same.
It should be specially noted that the above-given figures are wholly based on the self-reporting of industrial enterprises which obviously tend to present understated data of their own negative impact on the environment, while the environmental management bodies are unable to check the correctness of the data due to the shortage of relevant equipment. Besides, pollution by private proprietors had not been taken into account which, taken together, leads to the assumption that the situation with environmental pollution is even worse than stated above.
Economic prosperity and social well-being of the Kyrgyz Republic depend largely on its natural resources. The National Environmental Action Plan (NEAP), worked out in co-operation with World Bank experts and approved by the Government in 1995, defines long-term objectives and priority activities for the coming two or three year period. The plan represents the official policy of the Kyrgyz Republic in environmental protection.
The NEAP defines major environmental problems, namely the unsustainable use of natural resources and the negative impact of pollution on public health.
The unsustainable use of natural resources comprises inadequate water use, soil and pasture degradation, redundant cutting down of forests, biodiversity reduction, inefficiency of mining and processing industries.
The negative impact of pollution on public health includes that induced by water pollution, air pollution, and wastes produced by mining industry.
The NEAP specially underlines the necessity for the collection and dissemination of trustworthy information on the state of the environment to facilitate decision-making and support appropriate measures in every concrete situation (especially those involving large expenses). At present much of the information is often insufficient or not wholly reliable.
Before the State Committee for Environmental Protection was established in 1988 (reorganised into the Ministry of Environmental Protection on March 4, 1996), the Kyrgyz Republic as part of the former Soviet Union had had no agency of its own dealing exclusively with the state of the environment.
Several bodies in the country are at present generally responsible for the environmental protection. They include Zhogorku Kenesh (the Parliament), the President, the Government and local authorities.
Zhogorku Kenesh (the Legislative Assembly and the Assembly of People's Representatives of the Kyrgyz Republic) is responsible for:
The President's competence in environmental protection covers:
The local authorities:
[ Introduction | Background | Status of EIS | Assessment of Needs | Proposed Action | Annex 1 | Annex 2 ]
3. Status of Environmental Information Network
3.1. National-level network
According to the statute approved by the act of the Government of the Kyrgyz Republic in 1992, the state control in the fields of environmental protection and the use of natural resources is exercised by the local authorities, the Ministry of Environmental Protection of the Kyrgyz Republic (Minokhranysredy) and by the following specially authorised government agencies (under their terms of reference):
- the Ministry of Public Health of the Kyrgyz Republic (Minzdrav) enforces environmental sanitary and hygienic norms, including the protection from chemical substances with negative impact on people's health, and supervises the environmental status of populated and recreation areas;
- the Ministry of Internal Affairs of the Kyrgyz Republic (MVD) enforces standards for the emission of harmful substances into the air by motor vehicles and for noise levels permitted for motor transport, and controls the activities of the environmental police;
- the Ministry of Geology and Protection of Mineral Resources of the Kyrgyz Republic (Mingeologii i okhrany nedr) deals with the protection and rational use of mineral resources and groundwater;
- the State Agency for Forestry under the auspices of the Government of the Kyrgyz Republic (Goslesagentstvo) is responsible for the state, use, management, reproduction and protection of forests;
- the Ministry of Agriculture of the Kyrgyz Republic (Minsel'khoz) controls the use of pesticides and fertilisers;
- the Ministry of Water Management of the Kyrgyz Republic (Minvodkhoz) is responsible for the rational use of water for irrigation;
- the State Agency for Hydrometeorology under the auspices of the Government of the Kyrgyz Republic (Hydromet) monitors surface water, air and soil quality;
- the State Inspectorate on Land Use under the auspices of the Government of the Kyrgyz Republic is responsible for the protection and rational use of land, the timely and quality reclamation of land, and its protection from erosion.
The Ministry of Environmental Protection (hereafter "the Ministry") is a body exercising cross-sectorial management and control in the fields of environmental protection and rational use of natural resources. The documents governing its activity comprise the Constitution of the Kyrgyz Republic, the laws of the Kyrgyz Republic, the resolutions of the Zhogorku Kenesh, the President's decrees, resolutions and directives of the Kyrgyz Republic, and the statute on environmental policy issued by the Government.
The principal objective of the Ministry is to develop and enforce the state policy in the fields of environmental protection and the rational use of natural resources based on the principles of sustainable development. The policy is aimed at creating an environment which would satisfy both material and spiritual needs of the present and future generations of the people of Kyrgyzstan and ensure environmental security of the country.
Performing inventory functions, the Ministry:
In terms of information management, the Ministry:
The structure of the Ministry is at present undergoing reorganisation in accordance with its main objectives. Departments for monitoring are to be created both in the central office and the territorial agencies.
The following activities of other institutions are also concerned with the environment:
- the National Committee for Statistics collects environmental data for its surveys "On Social and Economic State of the Kyrgyz Republic";
- the Institute of Water and Hydropower of the National Academy of Sciences (NAS) carries out research on water and hydropower resources and their protection;
- the NAS Institute of Biology and Soils conducts research of the state of wildlife and vegetation;
- the Institute of Geology is engaged in geo-chemical monitoring;
- the Institute of Forestry and Nut-Tree Cultivation carries out research on preservation and reproduction of forests.
Specialised faculties for environmental education (or environment departments) have been organised at the majority of higher educational establishments, including:
The process of reform in social and political fields which began after the Kyrgyz Republic had become a sovereign state brought forth the political activity of its citizens. A number of environmental NGOs, parties, and movements came into being. The most active among them are the following:
3.2. Sub-national environmental information network
The Ministry of Environmental Protection is represented in oblasts by 7 territorial departments which include regional analytical laboratories.
The territorial and local branches of the Ministry of Water Resources of the Kyrgyz Republic are responsible for the development and construction of the irrigation infrastructure and the distribution of water for irrigation purposes.
The Kyrgyz Union for Housing and Municipal Economy (Zhilcommunsoyuz) is responsible for the installation and management of the whole system of water supply, for the collection and treatment of waste-water in settlements and urban areas.
The State Agency for Forestry is represented by 32 territorial departments (leskhozs) which manage 95% of the forest resources of the country.
3.3. International networking
Co-operation with the countries of Central Asia
The Ministry of Environmental Protection is active in broadening the framework of international co-operation with Central-Asian countries aimed at the overcoming of the environmental crisis in the Aral Sea region. Seven projects have been worked out in accordance with the "Programme of Concrete Measures for the Improvement of the State of the Environment in the Aral Sea Basin". Environmental bodies of the Kyrgyz Republic participate in the following projects of the programme:
(1) Regional Water Resources Management Strategy;
(2) Hydrometeorological Services;
(3) Water Quality Management;
(6) Integrated Land/ Water Management in the Upper Watersheds.
All the projects are partly sponsored by international financial bodies, such as the World Bank, UNDP, the Global Environmental Facility, and other organisations and donor countries.
Co-operation with CIS countries
The co-operation is implemented through the Inter-State Ecological Council (IEC, secretariat located in Minsk) of the CIS. Specialists on environmental management of the Ministry of Environmental Protection of the Kyrgyz Republic participate in expert groups of the IEC, working on the following issues:
The Ministry of Environmental Protection develops international co-operation based on bilateral inter-governmental treaties and agreements (e.g. with Turkey, Mongolia).
Co-operation with Finland in the establishment of a unified system of environmental monitoring within the framework of the National Environmental Action Plan (NEAP) is expected.
Joined activities are also planned with a Swiss donor on co-operation in carrying out the project "The Development of a Forestry Information System as the Basis for Action Planning and the Forest Resources Use Monitoring".
Co-operation with international organisations
On January 18, 1996 Zhogorku Kenesh adopted Resolution No 304 "On joining the Convention on the Control of Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and their Disposal (Basel, 1989) by the Kyrgyz Republic".
The Ministry of Environmental Protection is at present considering the country's participation in the following international conventions and agreements:
The Government's Directive No 13 (January 14, 1995) made the Ministry of Environmental Protection responsible for the co-ordination of all activities of other ministries, state committees, and administrative agencies of the Republic in terms of their co-operation with UNEP.
The Government of the Kyrgyz Republic adopted Resolution No 279 "On the National Register of Potentially Toxic Chemicals (NRPTC)" (June 13, 1995).
Since 1993 INFOTERRA system functions under the auspices of the National Informational Centre of the Ministry of Education of the Kyrgyz Republic. Information is available for payment on a contractual basis. This centre also receives information from Russia's telecommunications system "TV-ECOINFORM".
The UNDP field office in the Kyrgyz Republic maintains the NatCap project on the co-ordination of foreign assistance. (As part of this project the Ministry of Environmental Protection received in August 1995 office equipment including a computer, a laser printer, software, a copy machine, and a fax.) The UNDP Regional Office for Europe and the CIS announced the forthcoming of a programme in the framework of "Capacity 21".
The Ministry of Environmental Protection in co-operation with the World Bank has elaborated the National Environmental Action Plan (NEAP). A NEAP office has been set up. The NEAP was discussed and approved at the Consultative Meeting of donor countries, international organisations, the Government of the Kyrgyz Republic, NGOs, and scientists of Central Asia in Bishkek on November 29, 1995. Twelve project proposals have been worked out. Donors for concrete projects are being identified.
The Government of the Kyrgyz Republic and the Asian Development Bank have signed (May 25, 1995) the Memorandum on technical assistance in strengthening environmental institutions and the improvement of the procedures for the environmental impact assessment in Kyrgyz Republic. The project duration is 8 months, starting in April 1996.
The European Union renders technical assistance to Central-Asian countries within the framework of the WARMAP project dealing with water and land resources management. The project is supposed to include the development of an information management system (WARMIS) which would facilitate the regional planning of the use of water and land resources.
3.4. Analysis of Legal Framework
In the beginning of 1991 a legislative reform was started in the Kyrgyz Republic with the purpose to provide a market-oriented legislation for the protection of the environment. The law "On Nature Protection" has created the legislative basis for the protection of the environment and provided the guarantees for the rational use of natural resources, for the rights and duties of the citizens in the field of the protection of the environment. The adopted legislative acts on environmental protection are listed in Appendix 2. A number of laws are currently under consideration and elaboration. These include:
3.5. Economic considerations regarding the implementation of environmental information systems and the dissemination of environmental information
According to the law on the budget of the Kyrgyz Republic the implementation of environmental programmes is financed from the state budget. All oblasts, districts and towns have their own budgets. Due to budget restrictions, both the republican and the territorial expenses for environmental activities are mostly covered by nature protection funds. The formation and use of the republican and the territorial nature protection funds are regulated by the President's decree of 1992.
3.6. Information use in decision-making
The "Aalam" press-centre of the Ministry of Environmental Protection regularly provides the population with information regarding the most significant environmental issues through the republican television and radio broadcasting. Besides, members of the Ministry's staff and its territorial agencies regularly participate in a radio programme on environmental public education (the programme is broadcasted every Wednesday) and in raising public awareness on environmental issues through newspapers, give lectures, and provide field training for university students.
It is expected that independent broadcasting companies and newspapers dealing with social and political issues, such as:
will increasingly contribute to this activity.
Executive bodies (ministries, local authorities) use at present various reporting forms such as the quarterly reports of environmental management bodies, information releases on the pollution of water bodies and atmospheric air in urban areas, and on sanitary-epidemiological status of territories.
The National Committee for Statistics issues statistical bulletins "On the Activities in the Field of the Protection and Rational Use of Natural Resources", reports on the social and economic status of the Republic, demography yearbooks, general statistical yearbooks, yearbooks on surface water quality, and on atmospheric air pollution. The Ministry of Public Health publishes a quarterly sanitary bulletin.
4. General Needs Assessment
4.1. Priority needs of information for decision-making
Environmental information is indispensable for priorities identification and compliance monitoring by decision-makers, state-owned and private industries, NGOs, and the population.
One of the short-term priority objectives outlined by the NEAP is defined as collection of clear-cut and exact information to identify top-priority future environmental activities and to ensure the immediate actions for urgent environmental problems.
During the transition period while the role and the status of the state are undergoing considerable change, the Ministry of Environmental Protection is charged with the principal responsibility for the receipt of environmental information. The Ministry is supposed to co-ordinate information flows both inside and outside the Government's structures, continuously increasing the number of environmental information users.
The resolution of the international NEAP conference emphasises that the establishment of a unified system of environmental monitoring, including the monitoring of the impact of the environment on public health, should be recognised as one of the indispensable conditions of NEAP's implementation.
Dissemination of environmental information is a matter of paramount importance. It comprises the preparation and publishing of state-of-the-environment reports, the elaboration of environmental indicators, the use of different media in order to reach the broadest possible audience.
4.2. Legislation regarding the management and accessibility of environmental information
The law "On Nature Protection" currently in force (section VIII, article 33) ensures the right of public organisations and citizens to participate in environmental activities and to obtain information on the state of the environment and on proposed activities in this field.
Article 37 of section IX states that all specialised secondary and higher educational institutions regardless of their specialisation should provide basic environmental education. Article 38 proclaims the priority status of environmental research in the Kyrgyz Republic.
However, there exists at present no legislative basis for the regulation of information responsibilities or relationships between information sources and information users.
4.3. Financing of environmental information management
The Republican Nature Protection Fund is at present financing the elaboration of a feasibility study of the "Concept of the Unified System of Environmental Monitoring for the Kyrgyz Republic". However, nature protection funds allocate money primarily for environmental construction and for the enforcement of compliance with environmental legislation, and therefore are unable to finance the establishment of information networks even within the framework of the Ministry of Environmental Protection.
4.4. Improving institutional framework
The establishment of an environmental strategy and policy centre under the auspices of the Ministry of Environmental Protection is carried out with the assistance of UNDP's programme "Capacity 21". The centre is to co-ordinate all activities recently approved and planned by the ministries and agencies involved in the environmental policy development and realisation. As the focal point of environmental policy, it will be in charge of all activities, such as the environmental impact assessment and environmental legislation overviewing.
4.5. Co-operation with international (global and regional) environmental programmes, including UNEP and UN-wide environmental databases
Organisational reforms and the on-going work on the new environmental legislation increase the necessity of obtaining new information through international environmental databases, especially UNEP/ GEMS (Global Environmental Monitoring System), UNEP/ IRPTC (International Register of Potentially Toxic Chemicals), UNEP/ GRID (Global Resource Information Database).
Co-operation with them is hindered first and foremost by insufficient acquaintance with possible information sources and the lack of appropriate telecommunication systems and equipment.
4.6. Methodologies for integration of data and information between the sectorial agencies and between sub-national and national entities
The environmental monitoring activities performed by different agencies on the national level are not properly co-ordinated, the data are stored in such form which makes it difficult for decision-makers to find and use the necessary information.
Through the establishment of an inter-sectorial co-ordination group, the technical and financial assistance of the donors could be directed to strengthen the system of environmental monitoring at the oblast and district levels, including the promotion of the activities aimed at the establishment of regional information databases carried out by the territorial agencies of the Ministry of Environmental Protection, the Ministry of Geology and Protection of Mineral Resources, the Ministry of Agriculture, the State Agency for Forestry, the State Agency for Hydrometeorology, the Ministry of Water Resources, the Ministry of Public Health.
4.7. Priority information technology needs
The lack of necessary equipment and the impossibility of using international environmental information systems and databases hampers advantageous employment of high-skilled specialists. Installing computers and providing connection to Internet together with the establishment of a computer network (for instance, in the Ministry of Environmental Protection it could be developed on three levels: 3 agencies on the republican level, 3 territorial agencies in oblasts, and 8 inter-district inspectorates) would make it possible to provide adequate training for the staff and to lay down the basis for the future automation of the system of collection and dissemination of environmental information.
It is also necessary to conduct activities aimed at the establishment of an interdepartmental data bank of environmental information, to bring together environmental databases and remote sensing data using GIS methodology for environmental impact assessment and planning.
4.8. Priority needs for database and meta-database development
The development of an efficient system of monitoring (with donor support) and the improvement of the process of collection and dissemination of information are matters of vital importance, e.g.
- in the field of public health monitoring and the monitoring of the state of the environment: the data bank on water quality and water resources in rural areas, children's health and water-born diseases, and the data bank on the impact of harmful substances on sickness rate and death-rate;
- in the field of forest resources monitoring: the data bank on the status of vegetation, on biomass production and consumption, and on herding;
- in the field of general environmental management: a computerised information system using GIS methodology to facilitate map publication and analysis.
It is necessary to prepare annual reports on the state of the environment based on a unified interdepartmental environmental information data bank. It is also important to ensure wide public access to environmental information in order to improve the control over the state of the environment.
4.9. Training needs
Training is especially desirable in the following areas: advanced monitoring methods, computer and communications equipment, exchange protocols, databases, and the GIS methodology.
5. Proposed Action
5.1. Proposed action for quick improvement
- to assess the present-day environmental information system and to make a proposal so as to harmonise the database management between the main agencies and to form a unified national data bank related to the assessment of public health and the state of the environment;
- to work out the project proposal and provide the connection of the Ministry of Environmental Protection to the UNEPnet/ Mercure system (expected project duration is 3-5 years including donor identification);
- to initiate the preparation of annual state-of-the-environment reports for the Kyrgyz Republic.
5.2. Proposed pilot activities
- to arrange an interdepartmental workshop on the establishment of an information system in Kyrgyzstan (supposedly in September-October 1996);
- to provide training in database operation for a number of specialists of the Ministry of Environmental Protection and other environmental institutions. To provide the corresponding equipment and software (supposedly 1-2 years);
- to prepare and implement a pilot project using GIS methodology in the Ministry of Environmental Protection in accordance with the resolution of the international NEAP conference (1-2 years).
5.3. Perceived constraints for improvements
In spite of the top-priority status of the implementation of environmental information systems in the Kyrgyz Republic, the following difficulties may be encountered:
- a lack of necessary experience in database operation and international information systems and networks,
- low motivation of the staff as well as staff reduction due to restricted governmental funding.
Appendix 1: Relevant Contact Addresses
Ministry of Environmental Protection
720033, Isanov str., 131
K. J. Bokonbaev, Minister Phone: (7-3312) 21-97-37
Fax: (7-3312) 21-67-63
T. A. Kulumbaev, Deputy Minister Phone: (7-3312) 21-94-26
Directorate of Environmental Review
K. D. Bozov, Head Phone: (7-3312) 21-35-26
Department of Economics and Environmental Management
S. A. Mambetzhanova, Head Phone: (7-3312) 21-48-44
E. A. Omurbekov, Head Phone: (7-3312) 21-32-33
Department of the Protection and Exploitation of Bioresources
I. A. Dairov, Head Phone: (7-3312) 26-45-20
Department of Science and International Co-operation
N. N. Kenenbaev, Senior Officer Phone: (7-3312) 21-36-05
Fax: (7-3312) 21-48-45
Ministry of Public Health
N. K. Kasiev, Minister Phone: (7-3312) 22-86-97
Fax: (7-3312) 22-84-24
Ministry of Geology and Protection of Mineral Resources
B. Tursungaziev, Minister Phone: (7-3312) 21-19-53
State Agency for Forestry under the auspices of the Government
T. S. Musuraliev, Minister Phone: (7-3312) 26-55-13
State Agency for Hydrometeorology under the auspices of the Government
O. N. Tokoev, Head Phone: (7-3312) 21-38-62
Ministry of Water Resources
Zh. Bekbolotov, Minister Phone: (7-3312) 47-96-01
Fax: (7-3312) 47-49-07
Institute of Water and Hydropower of the National Academy of Sciences
D. M. Mamatkanov, Head Phone: (7-3312) 21-06-74
Institutue of Forestry and Nut-Tree Cultivation of the National Academy of Sciences
B. I. Venglovskiy, Head Phone: (7-3312) 27-90-82
Institute of Biology and Soils of the National Academy of Sciences
E. J. Shukurov, Head Phone: (7-3312) 25-53-70
Institute of Geology of the National Academy of Sciences
A. B. Bakirov, Head Phone: (7-3312) 21-45-72
Kyrgyz National State University
S. Zh. Toktomyshev, President Phone: (7-3312) 26-26-39
International University of Kyrgyzstan
A. A. Aidaraliev, President Phone: (7-3312) 21-83-35
Kyrgyz Institute of Architecture and Construction
Zh. Tentiev, President Phone: (7-3312) 42-15-52
Kyrgyz State Medical Institute
A. M. Murzaliev, President Phone: (7-3312) 26-11-96
Kyrgyz Institute of Mines and Metallurgy
U. A. Asanaliev, President Phone: (7-3312) 21-79-57
Association of Independent Environmental Researchers
P. Greber, President Phone: (7-3312) 21-68-39
Public Environmental Council
M. Vlasov, Chairman Phone: (7-3312) 27-25-23
"Aleine" Environmental Movement
E. J. Shukurov, Chairman Phone: (7-3312) 25-53-66
Kyrgyz Society for Nature Protection
T. Koshoev, Chairman Phone: (7-3312) 22-68-98
Bishkek Hunters' and Fishermen's Society
K. Ardamin, Chairman of the Board Phone: (7-3312) 24-77-90
Environmental Protection Fund of Kyrgyzstan
K. Karimov, President Phone: (7-3312) 24-36-61
Appendix 2: Environmental Legislation
1. Law "On Nature Protection", April 17, 1991.
2. Law "On the Mineral Wealth", December 15, 1992.
3. Law "On Protected Territories", May 28, 1994.
4. Law "On Water", January 14, 1994.
5. "The Forest Code of the Kyrgyz Republic", July 1, 1993.
6. "The Land Code of the Kyrgyz Republic", July 11, 1991.
7. President's Decree "On Territorial and Republican Funds of Protection of Nature", July 21, 1992.
8. Resolution of the Government No 630 "Statute on State Control in the Field of Nature Protection and Natural Resources Use", December 25, 1992.
9. Resolution of the Government No 212 "On Approval of Statute on State
Environmental Review in the Kyrgyz Republic", April 12, 1994.
10. Resolution of the Government No 403 "On Financial Responsibility for Damage Inflicted on Forest Resources", August 17, 1992.
11. Resolution of the Government No 402 "On the Approval of Tariff System for the Calculation of Fines Imposed for Damage Inflicted on State Game Resources and Illegal Use or Destruction of Vegetation", August 17, 1992.
12. Resolution of the Government No 317 "On Financial Responsibility for Damage Caused by Improper Land Use", July 19, 1993.
13. Resolution of the Government No 349 "On the State Committee of the Kyrgyz Republic for Nature Protection", August 11, 1995.
14. Resolution of the Government No 279 "On the National Register of Potentially Toxic Chemicals (NRPTC)", June 13, 1995.
Last updated 18 September, 1996 by Lorant Czaran /