The air pollution threatens not only people's health, but damages the ecology of the nature
S. Bogolubov "Ecology".
Observations of the state of the air basin of Kyrgyz territory showed that the sources of atmospheric pollution may have a global, regional and local character.
Global characteristics of pollution are connected with natural and technogenous disasters, for instance eruptions of volcanoes, fires, and nuclear tests (See Chapter "Climate")
Regional character of pollution is stipulated by deforestation, drying of water-swamp lands and especially by sharp reduction of the level of the Aral Sea. A huge territory (42 thousand km2) of desert with high content of salt has been formed.
The local sources of air pollution are motor transport, enterprises of power engineering, building materials, municipal services, mining and process industry, individual sector.
The state of the atmosphere, air pollution in cities, dynamics of emissions and measures on atmospheric air protection are considered