The climate of Turkmenistan is sharply continental, with the exception of the inshore
zone of the Caspian Sea and the mountains. Average annual air temperature along the whole
territory is positive and ranges on plain part of Turkmenistan from 12oC-17oC
in the north to 15oC-18oC in the south-east. The coolest month is
January with the average temperature from - 6oC in the northeast of
Turkmenistan to + 4oC in the south-east and + 5oC in the end west.
Average temperature of the hottest month - July, is 27-30oC. The absolute
maximum reaches 48-50oC in Central and south-east Karakum, being a little
diminished in the north of Turkmenistan, at the coast of the Caspian sea and in mountain
areas. The biggest amount of sediments along the territory is observed in the mountains,
and in forelands - average is up to 398 mm (Koyne-Kesir), the smallest - above
Kara-Bogaz-Gol bay (95 mm) and northeast of Turkmenistan (105 mm).