The specific natural features of the region limit the
biological potential of valuable plant communities. This is true not only for the endemic
and rare plants, but also for those species which cover great areas and thus have
significant amount of resources, such as sagebrush, reeds, liquorice, juniper and other
species. With the development of the state and private enterprises that use plants, the
human pressure on these natural communities has increased, causing the constantly growing
decline in their economic productivity. Intensive collection of such plants endangers the natural plant
communities. Such changes usually indicate that the use of these plant resources is
The causes for the sharp decrease in the numbers of some medicinal plants are
cultivation of land, cattle grazing, hay harvesting, and others. The remaining communities
of many species of medicinal and technical plants became sparser, and the plants became
weaker and poorly developed. Considerable efforts should be made to restore these species
and improve their condition.
The State of Environment of
Turkmenistan. Ashgabat, 1999.