|Table of Contents |
I - Integrated Environmental Information Systems in
Support of Decision-Making on the Oblast Level in Russia, January
II - Development of the Unified State Environmental Monitoring System
in the Russian Federation
January 26, 1995
The economic and political changes underway in the Russian Federation
are transforming the policy process and the information systems on which
they are based. As part of this process environmental information systems
are being re-designed. Generally, there is too much of the "wrong"
type of information and not enough of the "right" type, i.e.
information needed to guide the formulation, implementation and monitoring
of policy. The pressures on the state budget require that environmental
information systems be re-designed from the perspective of relevancy and
cost-effectiveness. In addition, the decentralisation of political authority
is catalysing greater demand for environmental information to serve local,
regional and national decision-making needs. Responding to these needs,
two seminars were organised in Moscow by the OECD's Centre for Co-operation
with the Economies in Transition (CCET) and UN Environment Programme (UNEP)
between 24th-26th January 1995. The first focused on the design of integrated
environmental information systems in support of decision-making at the
Oblast level and the second concentrated on the development of the Unified
State Environmental Monitoring System in the Russian Federation.
The objectives of the seminars were: first, to provide assistance to
decision-makers and experts in the Russian Federation who are designing
or implementing integrated environmental information systems; and, secondly,
to share experience from OECD Member countries in establishing and operating
such information systems. The presentations given by Russian and western
experts at the seminar are set out in this volume. They reflect a wide
range of experiences but four common elements emerge concerning the design
of an integrated environmental information network:
- the need to establish and integrate existing monitoring/research
sites and to select representative parameters for monitoring;
- the importance of establishing linkages with national, regional and
local information networks to identify opportunities for co-operation
- the benefits of using a broad range of analytical and communication
tools to enhance the accessibility of information by different audiences;
- the role of strengthening local capacity in environmental information
management through training and skills development programmes.
This volume is jointly published by the OECD/CCET and UNEP (Environment
Assessment Programme). The co-operation of the Russian Ministry of Environmental
Protection and NaturalResources and the Centre for International Projects
(Moscow) in organising the seminar is gratefully acknowledged.
The views expressed represent those of the authors and do not necessarily
reflect the views of their organisations, OECD or UNEP. This report is
published on the responsibility of the Secretary-General of the OECD.